Urumqi, seat of government of the
Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, is on the northern
slope of the Tianshan Mountains and on the Urumqi
River. The name Urumqi means "beautiful pasture"
Xinjiang, the most northwestern region
in China, has conspicuous continental climate,
with highly changeable temperature, sharp difference
in temperature between day and night, abundant
sunshine, intense evaporation and little precipitation.
The contrast of climate in northern and southern
Xinjiang, divided by the Tianshan Mountains, is
also very obvious. The mean annual temperature
of northern Xinjiang where Urumqi located is 4¡ãC-8¡ãC
that of southern Xinjiang 9¡ãC-12¡ãC
Starting from the Han (206 B.C. -
A.D. 220) and Tang dynasties, the Chinese government
recruited soldiers and civilians and stationed
them in this area to open up wasteland and develop
agriculture. The city arose during the Qing Dynasty
(1644-1911) and has now become an important industrial
center in China's northwest.
In the surrounding regions, the rich
oases, grasslands, forests, vast expanse of desert,
and especially the Huoyan Mountain, known as "Fiery
Mountain" in a classical Chinese novel Journey
to the West which has given the mountain such
a mysterious tinge, never fail to charm whoever
comes to this mystical land. Forty-seven out of
China's some sixty ethnic groups totaling over
twelve million people, live in the region. The
Kirgizs and the Mongolians. The ancient customs
of many of the minority people and their hospitality
always leave an unforgettable impression on visitors.
One thing to bear in mind here is
the TIME! Although officially run on Beijing time,
Xinjiangers also use their own system. Beijing
time here means that the sun doesn't rise until
09:00 and it is still light at midnight in the
summer months. When making travel arrangements,
be sure to check which time zone is being used
or you could get caught out!
Yunnan is a perfect showpiece of China's
many natural wonders, rugged, wild, and unspoiled. The province
is famed for its multitude of ethnic groups, of China's fifty-five
officially recognized ethnic minorities, twenty-five can be
found in Yunnan. Here visitors could find snow-capped mountains,
mysterious deep valleys, peaceful highland lakes, magnificent
Karst hills, tropical rainforests, and torrential rivers.
As the capital of China, Beijing is the
political, cultural, and intellectual center of the country.
Beijing has so much to offer travelers. The celebrated tourist
center is filled with historical highlights, the most well known
ones are: Great Wall, Forbidden City, Summer Palace, Temple
of Heaven, Ming Tombs...
Tibet Autonomous Region, a mystical land
called "the Roof of the World", more than 50 peaks in this area
are higher than 7,000 meters, and 11 peaks exceed 8,000 meters.
Mt. Everest - the world's highest peak is located in Tibet.
Tibet offers fabulous things to see, including unique Buddhist
monastery, breathtaking high-altitude lakes, stunning views
of the snow mountains and brilliant Tibetan culture.