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Home >> Guilin Travel >> A City With Green Hills Inside And Outside

Guilin, A City With Green Hills Inside And Outside

green hills and peaks around Guilin
Li River and green hills outside Guilin
green hills in Geography Park
, Guilin China
Elephant Hill in Guilin City

With majestic hills, weirdly-shaped caverns and clear streams, the unique landscape of Guilin looks like a highly exaggerated landscape painting in traditional Chinese style. Before science could explain its uniqueness, Chinese legend had this to say of it: "Guilin was part of the sea. After he unified China, the first emperor of the Qin Dynasty (221-206 B. C.) wanted to extend his empire by filling up the sea He got a magic whip from a god and used it to drive all the hills from north to south for the purpose. The Dragon King of the sea, fearing that he would soon lose his habitat, sent his third daughter to defraud the emperor of his whip when he arrived in Guilin with the hills. The princess did the trick. Hence the concentration of hills of all odd shapes in Guilin."

In fact, the Guilin area was a seabed 230 million years ago. Through crustal movement, it thrust up and became land that has a thick layer of limestone Fossils, including those of spirifers and coral insects, obtained by geologists from Laoren (Old Man) Hill. Guniu (Bull) Hill and Heishan (Black) Hill prove that the expanse of land marked by hills and bizarre-shaped caverns scattered between Guilin and Yangshuo is formed by numerous calcium-rich remains Of marine life and by carbonate sediment.

The Guilin area is karst country and has a layer of limestone several thousand meters deep. It owes its unique landscape entirely to the workings of nature Limestone is quite hard, but it dissolves easily in water, especially in acidic water. Rainwater, which percolates along cracks and fissures, dissolves the limestone and carries it away in solution. The hills, depressions, caves and underground streams in the area were all formed by nature through millions of years of water erosion.

According to archaeological finds, the Guilin area was first settled in the later part of the OldStone Age, 30.000 years ago. The earliest known settlement was established in Baoji (TreasureAccumulation) Cave on Baoji Hill in the city of Guilin. During the early part of the New Stone Age, 10.000 years ago, another settlement appeared. It was located in Zengpi Cave, on the city's southern outskirts. Both caves have yielded large quantities of stone implements and animal bones. In addition, more than 30 well-preserved human skeletons and some pottery shards have been discovered in Zengpi Cave.

Guilin has a long history, dating back to 111 B. C., when Emperor Wu Di of the Han Dynasty established a county seat in the area. It was called Shi'an. During the Tang Dynasty (61 8-907) when a city wall and moat were built to enclose the city, the urban area of Guilin was expanded to include Duxiu (Unique Beauty) Peak.During the Song Dynasty (960-1279), Guilin was expanded time and again, and more peaks and hills were brought within the city precincts.They included Diecai (Piled Silk) Hill, Treasure Accumulation Hill, Yingwu (Parrot) Hill and Tiefeng (Iron Sealed) Hill. As a result, Guilin became a city surrounded by waterways and has green hills both inside and outside. The city walls constructed during the past ages all followed the Topography - most stoodalong steep peaks overlooking the Lijiang. They were built with locally available stone blocks instead of bricks. The city wall and the southern and eastern city gates built during the Song Dynasty still stand intact. During the past 2,000 years, Guilin's status has changed many times. First it was a county. Then it was made a sub-prefecture, a prefecture and, finally, the provincial capital of Guangxi. In 1940, it became a municipality under the administration of Guangxi. However, Guilin has always been the political, economic and cultural center of Guangxi and a city of reginal military importance.

Yunnan is a perfect showpiece of China's many natural wonders, rugged, wild, and unspoiled. The province is famed for its multitude of ethnic groups, of China's fifty-five officially recognized ethnic minorities, twenty-five can be found in Yunnan. Here visitors could find snow-capped mountains, mysterious deep valleys, peaceful highland lakes, magnificent Karst hills, tropical rainforests, and torrential rivers.

As the capital of China, Beijing is the political, cultural, and intellectual center of the country. Beijing has so much to offer travelers. The celebrated tourist center is filled with historical highlights, the most well known ones are: Great Wall, Forbidden City, Summer Palace, Temple of Heaven, Ming Tombs...

Tibet Autonomous Region, a mystical land called "the Roof of the World", more than 50 peaks in this area are higher than 7,000 meters, and 11 peaks exceed 8,000 meters. Mt. Everest - the world's highest peak is located in Tibet. Tibet offers fabulous things to see, including unique Buddhist monastery, breathtaking high-altitude lakes, stunning views of the snow mountains and brilliant Tibetan culture.
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