Zhuang Minority Nationality
Zhuang are the most populous among the ethnic minorities
in China. Guilin is one of the homes of the Zhuang nationality.
Zhuang ethnic nationality is centuries-old and is distributed
in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Yunnan Province,
Guangdong Province and Guizhou Province.Their culture
is particularly rich and colorful.
The costume of the Zhuang is a simple
design with the favored colors being blue and black.
The women like to wear embroidered towels as headwear
and an apron covered with exquisite handwork. Zhuang
ladies will also wear intricate pieces of handmade silver
earrings, bracelets and necklaces.
The style of a man's costume is like T'ang's. A woman
dresses simply and decent. Black and blue are the normal
colors in a suit. She likes to wrap head her with embroidered
towel, and has an exquisite apron around waist. Zhuang
women like to wear earrings, bracelets and necklace.
Little decorative ornaments are always worn with a Zhuang
A multied storied ganlan is the unique style of construction
for their houses. The upper floor is for people's living
area and it is divided into three or five rooms. Before
a hall, there is a kitchen for cooking and getting warm.
Above this floor, an attic is for foodstuff storing.
Respect the elder and care the children are good
traditions. On any occasion, it is taken to be
non-breeding and wicked when a person is impolite
to an elder; and he will be reproached by anyone.
A child cannot be treated badly. When a baby is
short of breast milk, any mother in suckling time
will provide the baby. A wine will be present
before a guest and he should have it, otherwise,
it will be taken as liberty and profanity
A lot of taboos are in daily life. No matter what
kind of it is, a stranger should not disobey,
such as: a guest will not enter a woman's room
when she has a three weeks baby; dog's fresh can
not be cooked in fireplace; a visiting couple
cannot sleep in a same room, and so on.
Paddy, corn , taro and bean are their favorite
food. The cooked bean, porridge with meet fragment
and rice in bamboo bowl are fragrant and unique.
They can cook five-color- rice, ciba and all kinds
of glorious rice dumping. On every march 3, every
family will cook five-color and five-color-eggs.
Mix fresh blood with food is a favorite dish in
west Guilin area. They think fresh blood can supply
vigor. Unless a distinguished guest, he will not
The festivals of Zhuangs' are almost the same
as those of Hans.
Ghost Festival, also named ZhongYuan Festival,
is on June 14. every family will braize five color
glorious rice and cook chicken to sacrifice ancestors.
Niu Hun Festival (Cattle King Festival) is held
the day in spring ploughing. A family bring a
box of five colors glorious rice and a band of
grass to byre to sacrifice cattle's spirits. Half
of the food will feed to cattle. It is said cattle
lose spirits when they are working in farm, so
people must get the spirits back.
Copper Drum is with over two thousand years history.
The types of the copper drums are much with different
size; the biggest one is over 1 meter in diameter,
the lightest one reaches several decade kilograms
and the heaviest of which reaches thousands kilograms.
On both sides, relievo decorates the drum noble
and elegant, besides, the body of which is also
designed with flower figure. Parlances vary in
martial music, folk music, sacrifice music or
representative of power and fortune, etc.
The Zhuangs' women oriJingated special handicraft-Zhuang
Brocade, with cotton yarn through longitude and
velour going in latitude. The longitude normally
is in primitive colors and the latitude is in
different colors. Kinds of beautiful designs are
weaved over. Zhuang Brocade is used in many purposes.
In history, the Zhuangs' women had produced the
beautiful special brocade in Tang and Song Dynasty.
During Ming and Qing Dynasty, the Zhuang women
had been famous all around China. Now, Zhuang
Brocade, honored to be folk artic, has been developed
greatly; they not only weave traditional designs,
but also created new beautiful thing with their
They are famous for capable of sinJingg. SinJingg
can be heard everywhere in the Zhuangs region.
The famous singer Liu Sanjie, who lived in Tang
Dynasty, created ballads with melodious tone to
express good will. The songs have been coming
down among the common people. The instruments
are suona horn, bee-drum, copper-drum, copper-cymbals,
Sheng, Xiao, flute and horse-bone-hu.
They dance with brilliant subject, the steps of
which are powerful and smart. They play lively
and humour with all kinds of feelings, which shows
their contumacy, love and hatred. The famous are
'embroidered silk ball dance', 'fishing shrimp
dance', 'picking tea dance' 'shoulder pole dance'
and 'copper drum dance.'
Cultural Arts---Murals on Cliff
The mural on the cliff of Huashan Mountain has
been the history of two thousand years. The mural
paints almost 1,300 persons with four thousand
meters high and hundreds meters long, showing
different figures. The biggest portrait on which
is high 3 meters, and the smallest one is only
0.3 meter; shapes of tymbal, gong and animals
can also be seen. The tone of carving is wild,
thick and powerful. The mural mirrors the ancient
Zhuangs' living aspects in some distance.
They believe in gods, ancestors, huge stones, old trees,
mountains, earth, dragons and birds.